Dennis Gabor (original Hungarian name: Gábor Dénes) CBE, FRS, (5 June 1900, Budapest – 9 February 1979, London) was a British-Hungarian electrical engineer and inventor, most notable for inventing holography, for which he later received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics.
[b. Budapest, June 5, 1900, d. London, February 9, 1979]
Gabor got his first patent at the age of 11 (for a carousel using real tethered airplanes). He studied electrical engineering in Germany, where he later developed the modern-day mercury-vapor lamp
His first holograms using mercury-vapor lamps demonstrated the principle, but were dim and difficult to view. Holograms require a coherent set of waves, not easily available until the advent of the laser in 1960. By 1964 holograms using lasers were producing three-dimensional images and since then many other applications of holograms have been developed.
Dennis Gabor received many honors. In 1956 he was nominated to the Royal Society; he was made an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Scientists; and in 1971 he received the Nobel Physics Prize for his holographic work. He died in London on February 8, 1979.
Fellow of the Royal Society, 1956.
Hon. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1964.
D.Sc. Univ. of London, 1964, Hon. D.Sc. Univ. of Southampton, 1970, and Technological University Delft, 1971.
Thomas Young Medal of Physical Society London, 1967.
Cristoforo Colombo Prize of Int. Inst. Communications, Genoa, 1967.
Albert Michelson Medal of The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, 1968. Rumford Medal of the Royal Society, 1968.
Medal of Honor of the Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers,1970. Prix Holweck of the French Physical Society, 1971. Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1970.
Married since 1936 to Marjorie Louise, daughter of Joseph Kennard Butler and Louise Butler of Rugby.
Dennis Gabor Quotes
Poetry is plucking at the heartstrings, and making music with them.
The most important and urgent problems of the technology of today are no longer the satisfactions of the primary needs or of archetypal wishes, but the reparation of the evils and damages by the technology of yesterday.
Till now man has been up against Nature; from now on he will be up against his own nature.